From the end of February to November 8 the Ministry of the Interior German registered 1,024,841 refugees fromUkraine in Germany. However, the exact number is not known, because they can stay up to 90 days without registering, after which it is sufficient (until February 28, 2023) that they have applied for a residence permit, regardless of having obtained it. Furthermore, those who are registered but go to another EU country, or return to their homeland, are under no obligation to unsubscribe. From data from the Ministry about 84% of refugees are womenin 58% of cases with their own children. They have been added to the approximately 138,000 compatriots already residing in Germany at the end of 2021. According to the National Statistical Office Destatis, pre-war Ukrainians accounted for just 1.3% of the entire foreign population in the Federal Republic, although their number had almost doubled within ten years .
An economic institute survey ifo from Monk, out of a sample of around 1,500 Ukrainians, shows that 20% of the new arrivals have found employment. Even if more than half with jobs below their professional qualification. One third of refugees aims to return to their country of origin, the majority instead want to stay in Germany in the next two years, and researchers have registered a widespread interest in integrating. In August, the Federal Employment Agency in turn surveyed 109,000 with regular employment, subject to social security obligations. Of these, around 51,000 have arrived since the outbreak of war. And still another 17 thousand have found a job. Furthermore, in October about 96,000 were enrolled in a language course. However, the classes are not always full, because some decide to return to their homeland without warning. The Federal Office for Immigration and Refugees, the, is responsible for organizing the courses Bamfwhich also takes care of keeping the Central Register of foreigners present in the country for periods of over three months.
Even if the Germany cannot hope to solve the shortage of skilled manpower in this way, large German companies have helped to hire refugees. There Sap, a multinational for the production of management software, launched a program in mid-April presenting it with a dedicated web page. The Deutsche Bahnhas hired them in different positions, give them engineers garlic operators telephones. Integration courses, prodromal to employment, have been planned since April as well Siemens. Since June 1, Ukrainian refugees in need, after requests also from the union Dgbare admitted to the minimum subsistence income (Grundsicherung), subject to registration with theFederal Employment Agency (previously the rules for asylum seekers were in force, even if they were exempt from asking for it since the Russian invasion). As of 13 October they were therefore included in the lists of Job center 609 thousand Ukrainians, of which 204 thousand are minors..
Structures almost to the end – The structures of hospitality of many municipalities in the Germanyalready overburdened also by refugees from other countries such as Syria And Afghanistan, however, with the new inflows caused by the war, they are almost at their wits end. In addition, the federal police recorded 13,400 unauthorized entries in October alone. The State he therefore undertook to assist the administrations locals with 4.25 billion in 2022 and 2023 to increase accommodation capacities. There Bavaria it has reached almost 40 thousand reception places, and also about 29 thousand apartments are rented, or sub-leased, on the free market to Ukrainian refugees. Also there Lower Saxony has more than doubled its offer, but seats are already almost 80% filled. Just as, according to what the ARD cites, it also happens in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania And Brandenburg. In big cities, Hamburg And Berlinadds the broadcaster, one is already touching the saturation at 99%. In many cases bundled in spaces restrained and noisy, families with children and the elderly, perhaps with pets company, unleash a spirit of adaptation. However, to make their stay in primary reception facilities worse, attacks and damage have started to grow again, as not seen for seven years xenophobes. In the first three quarters of the year, 65 were registered throughout the country; almost as many as all of last year (70). From over a thousand in 2015 the trend had otherwise been steadily decreasing. Furthermore, the figure for direct attacks on refugees is also worrying: 711 in the first three quarters of this year, almost as many as 965 in 2021.CopyAMP code