The hashtag MahsaAmini on twitter it has exceeded 5 million. Mahsa Amini, 22, was arrested by the Driving Patrol of the Islamic Republic of Irana special police team in charge of public enforcement of Islamic hijab rules, is called the “moral police“. Mahsa Amini, 22, was killed because her hair came out a little from her veil, she cannot remain just a hashtag. According to the official police report, Mahsa Amini suffered from heart failure and died after two days in a coma. The truth is that she was massacred. She is originally from the city of Saqqez, in the province of Kurdistan, in western Iran, when she was arrested on Tuesday 13 September, she was in Tehran with her family. For two days she remained in a coma at the Kasra hospital in Tehran. She died in the intensive care unit on September 16. The clinic where she was admitted released a statement on Instagram that Mahsa Amini was already brain dead when she arrived. The post was then deleted. With Mahsa’s death, protests and marches spread to several cities. The women are taking to the streets, burning their veils, cutting their hair. There have been demonstrations a Tehran, Rasht, Esfahan, Karaj, Mashhad, Sanandaj, Ilam and many others.
«The killing of Mahsa Amini», explains Riccardo Nuory, spokesperson for Amnesty International Italy, «is one of the most terrible things that have happened in recent years in Iran. In 2019 this campaign was born in the country promoted by some activists who, in the most exposed points of the cities, take off their veils, make a video and post it on social networks. Then they are arrested for prostitution or incitement to prostitution, both they and the lawyers who defend them in court. But what we have seen is an even worse story: Mahsa Amini was 22 and she was not an activist who, aware of the risks she would take, made a gesture of defiance. Mahsa Amini was just a girl who was killed for a few inches of hair. The religious police have taken off the reins since Ebrahim Raisi became president in August 2021, everything has gotten worse under him“. 415 people have been hanged in Iran since the beginning of 2022 alone.
“The circumstances that led to Mahsa Amini’s death on September 16 must be investigated»Continues Noury. “As well as the allegations of torture and other ill-treatment. But we ask, and it is necessary, for an international process. We have no confidence that the Iranian authorities are able to judge themselves ».
Mahsa Amini’s death is the second fact that has shaken Iran and public opinion in recent months. Last May, a ten-story building collapsed in Abadan, in the southwestern province of Khuzestan in Iran, killing over 40 people. “In many,” says Noury, “they took to the streets to protest and were shot. As in many, despite the prohibition of the authorities, they are taking to the streets in these hours and risk jail, even if the protests are peaceful. Dozens of women have already languished in Iranian prisons for years just for having denounced and fought against deeply discriminatory laws, such as Nasrin Sotoudeh and Yasaman Aryani. All agents and officials involved in Mahsa’s death must be brought to justice. The authorities finally leave the choice of what they want to wear to women. “
We need to circulate these stories as much as possible. «In Italy there is a tendency to speak little of Iran», explains Noury, «because it is a commercial partner. Secondly, because some see him as an antagonist to the hegemony of the United States. Then there is the issue of nuclear power. In fact, in these circumstances, the issue of rights is either absent or exploited ”.-.
Yet the population of Iran is a young population, made up of activists: «they are hungry for freedom, for rights. They have crazy courage and generosity. And knowing what regime they live under is heartbreaking. Just to give another example: every year in September there is an anniversary to commemorate the prison massacres of 1988 and the Iranian authorities continue to prevent families from visiting mass graves where victims are buried. The latest scar was the construction of two-meter-high concrete walls around the Khavaran mass grave on the outskirts of the capital Tehran, where the remains of several hundred political prisoners are believed to be executed in 1988 in various Iranian prisons. . No Iranian authorities have ever been called to answer for what happened 34 years ago and, indeed, some of those involved have had or have institutional positions. Suffice it to say that the current President of the Republic and former head of the judiciary was part of the “commission of deathWhich presided over the extrajudicial execution of several thousand political dissidents in the Evin and Gohardasht prisons between the end of July and the beginning of September 1988. In fact, a president of the country is suspected of crimes against humanity “