Le Polesane, Cristini’s trump cards

Le Polesane, Cristini’s trump cards
Le Polesane, Cristini’s trump cards
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Some references to Polesine in playing cards:

• Ace of Spades Bergantino, the land of jousting

• Ace of Cups The flag-wavers of Arquà Polesine

• Ace of Coins The Dona ‘Tower

• Ace of clubs The republic of bosgattia

TABARRO: Born with the purpose of protecting from the cold and rain, the cloak sees a version similar to the current one already in ancient Rome, where the senators and patricians covered themselves with draped cassocks up to the feet. In the Middle Ages the cloak distinguished the wealthier social classes: it was worn by doctors, notaries, lawyers and knights over the armor. And it is precisely this detail that makes the difference compared to all other outerwear: the cloak has always been worn over coats, jackets and vests and even today it can be worn on overcoats, light down jackets and coats. During the Renaissance it fell into disuse among the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie and became the favorite head of artisans, peasants and shepherds. In the nineteenth century it was the dandy dress par excellence, while during fascism it was considered an anarchist garment, to the point that wearing it publicly was forbidden. The short cloak was used by the Royal Italian Army from the late nineteenth century to 1918, while in the 1950s it was mainly linked to rural imagery. Today it is considered a highly sought-after artisan garment.

POLESINE: The name Polesine is a Venetian word (in classical orthography) which derives from the medieval Latin pollìcinum or polìcinum or “marshy land”. In ancient times it was used as a common name to indicate one of many flat islets of emerged earth that are found within the course of one or more rivers. Today the province of Rovigo is identified with Polesine. The territory looks like a narrow and long strip of land – which develops longitudinally from west to east enclosed between the Po and the Adige – ending in the east with the Po Delta, and which is crossed by a myriad of waterways and paleo-beds of ancient rivers which, with their sinuous bends, intersections and embankments, draw the territory itself. Most of the “historic” roads, often found on the banks of these waterways and paleo-river beds, follow and underline the sinuous path, and are raised above the level of the surrounding countryside.

Torre Donà and the castle of Rovigo

the imposing Donà tower, over fifty meters high, was part of the castle of Rovigo which together with the walls protected the Venetian city from enemy attacks. Restored on the occasion of the one thousand hundredth anniversary of its foundation, the tower can now be visited

The historic center of Rovigo is characterized by a system of medieval fortifications, which for centuries protected the city from invasion attempts, consisting of a turreted castle and a wall with its gates. Its origins date back to the 10th century: in a bull dating back to 920, Pope John X authorizes the local bishop to erect a fortress to defend the rapidly expanding city. Strategic throughout the Middle Ages, this lost its importance starting from the fifteenth century and was largely dismantled in the modern era.

The medieval castle, built on an embankment, was the scene of battles during the wars of the League of Cambrai in 1509 and of the Holy League in 1511. It was formed by a central body and some smaller towers: today some towers remain, the largest of which , the Torre Donà fifty-one meters high, is identified with the keep for its grandeur and because it is asymmetrical with respect to the walls. Consisting of bricks and bricks, it was restored on the occasion of the 1100th anniversary of its foundation and can now be visited.

Between reality and fantasy

Republic of Bosgattia (1946 – 1955) One of the most fascinating stories of the Po is that of prof. Luigi Salvini, the world-famous Slavist who on an island, which the great river formed in Papozze, immediately after the incile between the Po di Venezia and the Po di Goro, established his own autonomous republic, the “Republic of Bosgattia” , where money was printed that had value only in dreams, shared by hundreds of scholars who spent their summer holidays in the state of Salvini, in contact with nature, without rules other than those of mutual respect and solidarity. We are in the late thirties. The war period speaks only of fears, destruction, missing, dead. But with liberation the imagination gallops. We come out of a long lethargy to “think” freely.

Luigi Salvini gives birth to his Tamisiana Republic of Bosgattia where man and nature become one. Those who went to the “Tamisiana republic of Bosgattia” certainly couldn’t lie on their stomachs in the sun, but in order to live they had to make do with what nature offered, after all very generous, hunting and above all fishing.

Flag wavers of Arquà Polesine

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The coat of arms It represents the symbol of the Marchesella family, lords of Ferrara. The construction of the castle of Arquà Polesine was, in fact, the work of William III of the Marchesella, who wanted to build it in order to defend himself from the Este family. It represents a helmet with a hawk’s head, and a shield depicting a lion.

The drape The main colors are mustard yellow and blue, but we also notice the presence of white. These are the colors of the Marchesella family. The family crest can be seen between the blue and white shades.

Medieval clothes from the 1300s, trumpet blasts, ancient drum rhythms and spectacular flares evolve, are the setting for historical re-enactments, cultural events, sporting events, folklore festivals. They offer shows ranging from five to fifty consecutive minutes, with a minimum of fifteen to a maximum of forty appearances. The ideal for accompanying all kinds of parades, interrupting the parade with short performances in the streets, to then ring our trumpets in the square for the investiture of a Knight, the awarding of an athlete, and to entertain the public with exercises of Singles, Couples and Small Teams of four, six or eight flag wavers.

Polesana boat

The batana is a small wooden boat, up to 8 meters long, used for fishing in shallow water, and for this reason characterized by a flattened bottom.

Probably the name of the boat has to do with the sound of the sea that “beats” on its bottom in a characteristic way. The traditional construction technique involved the use of materials from the neighboring area in a sort of “improvised shipyard”, obtained from the fishermen’s homes: the larger the room used for the processing of batana, the longer the boat was.

This is why you can’t find 2 batanas that are the same.

Avelli Xanto Avelli from Rovigo (Rovigo, about 1486 – Urbino, about 1542) was an Italian potter and poet. Francesco Xanto (Saint) Avelli da Rovigo, known as Santino, was one of the most important potters of the Italian Renaissance. A cultured humanist, he was a poet at the court of Francesco Maria I della Rovere, Duke of Urbino. He is famous for his collaboration with Mastro Giorgio Andreoli from Gubbio to whom he delegated the embellishment of his majolica with luster, of which Mastro Giorgio remains the unsurpassed architect. His works are highly appreciated and scattered in prestigious museums: Faenza, Correr in Venice, Castello Sforzesco in Milan, Padua, Bologna, Pesaro. London, New York

Bergantino, the town of rides

Alto Polesine, in the municipalities of Bergantino, Melara, Castelnovo Bariano, Calto, Ceneselli and Castelmassa, in the province of Rovigo, there is the district of the carousel: an area where more than one hundred entrepreneurs work on everything that has to do with structures of the “traveling show” and amusement parks. Including related activities, the sector employs more than 1,500 people for a market that is 98% foreign.

«The recipe for the success of the carousel district has three fundamental ingredients: creativity, technological innovation, safety». «The builders and designers of the Venetian rides have always been able to improve the product.

The Historical Museum of the Carousel and the Popular Entertainment of Bergantino is the only one of its kind in Italy. In addition to being an attraction for a small town, off the beaten track of the north east, it is a real calling card for operators towards foreign customers. It is a place that serves to raise awareness of the historical, cultural and anthropological roots that make this area the European center for the production and sale of amusement park attractions.

The article is in Italian

Tags: Polesane Cristinis trump cards

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