“complex and multifaceted problem, necessary to fight rooted stereotypes” – AbruzzoLive

“complex and multifaceted problem, necessary to fight rooted stereotypes” – AbruzzoLive
“complex and multifaceted problem, necessary to fight rooted stereotypes” – AbruzzoLive
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Of the 221 homicides committed in the first nine months of this year (the same number as in 2021), 82 had female victims, against the 90 last year (-9%). In the family-affective sphere, 97 were registered, of which 71 with female victims. Of these, 42 found death at the hands of their partner or ex.

This is what emerges from the joint report Prejudice and violence against women, edited by the Central Directorate of the Criminal Police. They were during the same period 4,416 sexual violence (+9% compared to 2021); 92% of the victims are women.

A dramatic picture also emerges from the Istat data for 2021. Delle 139 (45.9% of the total) victims killed in the family or in a relationship,”39 are men and 100 women. The 58.8% of women are victims of a partner or ex-partner (57.8% in 2020 and 61.3% in 2019). Minors are killed by people they know.”

Data that cannot fail to induce reflections, especially close to the International day for the elimination of violence against women. The date on which it is celebrated, November 25, it is not a date chosen at random. It is the memory of a brutal murder, occurred in 1960 in the Dominican Republic, at the time of the dictator Trujillo. Three sisters, considered revolutionaries, were tortured, massacred, strangled. An accident was staged to cover up their murder. Not always, not everywhere, things have changed since then: think, among other things, of the little girls in India who are raped and killed almost every day, but also in our home, where violence against women is often hidden in the domestic environment. The Day was established by the UN, with resolution 54/134 of 17 December 1999. The matrix of violence against women can still be traced today in the inequality of relationships between men and women. And the same Declaration adopted by the UN General Assembly speaks of violence against women as of “one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position to men.”

We talk about it with Roberta Barbuscia, eclectic scholar, lawyer, legal, forensic and penitentiary pedagogist, activist for the protection and defense of human rights, researcher in policies to combat gender-based violence against women and minors. She promotes the culture of respect for equal opportunities and inalienable rights.

Her curriculum is very broad, over the years she has dedicated herself to many important activities. Can you tell us a little about her?

I graduated in Law from the Luiss University, I attended the Lumsa specialization school for the legal professions and I specialized in legal psychology at the European University and the Skinner Institute. Second degree in planning and management of social policies and services, I also carried out research at the anti-violence centers of Rome and Fiumicino.

How did you become interested in a problematic, complex and dramatically topical issue such as violence against women?

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From reading the newspapers: the chronicle of events related to the violence to which women and collateral victims are subjected led me to investigate and deepen the reasons, the problems underlying the phenomenon, which has its roots in a patriarchal, archaic culture, in stereotypes cultures that are difficult to overcome, to eradicate.

You have recently published a successful book dedicated to the subject. What approach did you adopt in dealing with the subject?

The volume is titled Love is another thing. Gender-based violence: a social phenomenon. It has reached its second edition and is included among the publications of the Turin International Book Fair dedicated precisely to the theme of gender-based violence, awarded with a mention of merit. When we speak of violence we must not focus on a univocal approach, because the ambivalence of the aspects that violence itself invests and interests are multiple and, in some cases, not very visible. It is therefore necessary to treat the subject by adopting a broad analytical perspective, which is precisely suitable for grasping this complexity. Undoubtedly adopting a juridical approach, but opening up to psycho-social perspectives. The book adopts this method, it is a theoretical text but which also examines real cases, up to the point of social denunciation.

Here are the real cases. Which of those listed in the volume is of particular importance to you and why?

More than individual cases of violence, today I like to recall once again the installation proposed by the Mexican artist Elina Chauvet, which I obviously refer to in the text. His project – Zapatos Rojos – had a worldwide echo. As is well known, it is an installation made up of hundreds of pairs of red female shoes, to point the finger at the conspiracy of silence surrounding the disappearance and killing of hundreds of women in Ciudad Juárez, on the border between the United States and Mexico (emblematic place, where, in the 1990s, there was a high number of killings, disappearances, rapes and acts of inhuman violence against women). Each pair of shoes represents a woman, the trace of a violence suffered. Overall, a silent march of absent women, of inestimable value for perhaps launching a strong message of social denunciation. An invitation to continue to engage and fight.

The article is in Italian

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