86% of Italian rural municipalities (almost 9 out of 10) are at risk of abandonment. In fact, Istat estimates that in 2031 the country’s agricultural and rural areas will host only 9.5 million inhabitants: half a million fewer than those registered in 2021. In 10 years, just 16% of the national population will live in campaigns.
A concrete danger for the future of the small villages spread throughout the country, a unique historical and cultural heritage in the world, also preserved over time by agricultural companies, which work every day to ensure the protection of historical crops, the protection of the territory from instability. hydrogeological and the maintenance of food traditions. The rural depopulation of the country risks having a heavy impact from both an environmental and economic point of view: according to the Coldiretti / Ixe analysis, in the summer of 2022 as many as 70% of Italians chose to spend their holidays discovering children local villages, which have always been a symbol of the beautiful country abroad and of which Made in Italy agri-food is undoubtedly the flagship. Not surprisingly, according to the Coldiretti / Symbola survey, 92% of typical Italian products are born in small villages with less than 5,000 inhabitants.
“The depopulation of rural municipalities – explain Gianluca Boeri and Bruno Rivarossa, President of Coldiretti Liguria and Confederal Delegate – unfortunately also affects the hinterland of our region. All this exacerbates the loneliness of farms, increasing the tendency to dismantle not only the services, but also the garrisons and security forces present in the area ”.
Although the critical demographic balance and the progressive depopulation of our hinterlands are certainly worrying, “… we still have time to find concrete solutions – continue Boeri and Rivarossa – recreating opportunities and opportunities for young people, to make them stay or return to the areas internal of our region. Several studies certify that the quality of life in a rural environment is better: also for this reason, we must create opportunities for development and growth in the agricultural sector, working in synergy with the institutions to grant young people the necessary and sufficient facilities and incentives to make them choose. in the end, to return to live and experience some of the most beautiful and uncontaminated views of our Liguria “..