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13 networks, 4 hubs and the “reserve” tracks appear –

13 networks, 4 hubs and the “reserve” tracks appear –
13 networks, 4 hubs and the “reserve” tracks appear –
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Thirteen “networks” of airports, fourteen airports of “particular strategic importance”, another twenty-six of “national interest”, three hubs for intercontinental flights which could increase to four. For Italy we are moving towards the drafting of the new “National Airport Plan” between now and 2035 which updates the previous one and which the National Civil Aviation Authority (ENAC) is working on together with some external experts who have also prepared a study. The plan – explains those who worked on it – is still subject to changes: on the one hand it does not ask for the construction of new airports, on the other it tries to keep the existing ones but paying attention to reduce the environmental impact. The study, on the other hand, is expected no earlier than mid-October.

The objectives

Given the timing, the green light will be given by the next Minister of Infrastructure. In recent days, the dicastery received a preparatory document from ENAC that the Courier was able to view. The intention is to group the plants on a territorial basis and establish a reference airport for each nucleus while the others will serve as a “reserve of capacity”: when the main airport becomes saturated, the additional traffic would be discharged to the other structures. An approach that Pierluigi Di Palma, president of ENAC, had anticipated in July at Courier. “When some airports will find it difficult to accommodate further connections because they are full, then we will look at the other plants”. After all, he added, “we will have to put limits on expansion.” Stops like Bologna, Naples or Palermo cannot grow indefinitely.

The networks

According to what the Courier was able to read in the drafts of what should become the main structure of the «National Airport Plan», the territorial networks with airports of national interest are listed. These:
1) North West Network: Turin, Genoa, Cuneo
2) Milanese network: Milan Malpensa, Milan Linate, Bergamo
3) North East network: Venice, Verona, Brescia, Treviso, Trieste
4) Emilia Romagna network: Bologna, Rimini, Parma, Forlì
5) Tuscany Network: Florence, Pisa
6) Central Network: Ancona, Perugia, Pescara
7) Network of the Capital: Rome Fiumicino, Rome Ciampino
8) Campana Network: Naples, Salerno
9) Apulian Network: Bari, Brindisi, Taranto, Foggia
10) Calabrian Network: Lamezia Terme, Reggio Calabria, Crotone
11) Eastern Sicilian Network: Catania, Comiso, Lampedusa
12) Western Sicilian Network: Palermo, Trapani, Pantelleria
13) Sardinian Network: Cagliari, Olbia, Alghero

The strategic stopovers

The second relevant point of the document establishes that “within the aforementioned airports of national interest, the following airports are of particular strategic importance, in relation to the criteria established by article 698 of the navigation code”, thus referring to the top structures of each subgroup:
1) North West Network: Turin
2) Milanese network: Milan Malpensa and Bergamo
3) North East Network: Venice
4) Emilia Romagna network: Bologna
5) Tuscany Network: Florence
6) Central Network: Ancona
7) Network of the Capital: Rome Fiumicino
8) Campana Network: Naples
9) Apulian Network: Bari
10) Calabrian Network: Lamezia Terme
11) Eastern Sicilian Network: Catania
12) Western Sicilian Network: Palermo
13) Sardinian Network: Cagliari

Intercontinental hubs

The document then broadens the gaze to intercontinental flights. “In the context of the airports referred to in paragraph 2 – we read -, they play the role of intercontinental gates, due to their ability to respond to the demand for large traffic areas and their high degree of connectivity with European and international destinations, the following airports:
a) Rome Fiumicino and Milan Malpensa as institutional national hubs;
b) Venice as a vocational hub;
c) Catania as a geographical hub for the Mediterranean
As for the Sicilian airport, the document specifies, this can only take place “following the construction of suitable infrastructures”. Starting with an increase in the runways to accommodate a greater number of aircraft and even larger ones.

Ciampino and Linate

The sources explain that there has never been the intention to close the Rome Ciampino airport and to limit flights to Milan Linate – as written by a newspaper – since both airports already have restrictions on movements – for urban, environmental and community issues – which in fact block its growth. Not only that: plants such as Linate, even with restrictions for example on flights (only point-to-point connections can be made, within the EU and, in the coming months, within 1,500 kilometers of distance), remain strategic and economically profitable. . In the Milanese city airport, as anticipated by the CourierEnac plans to intervene with an ad hoc ordinance.

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The article is in Italian


Tags: networks hubs reserve tracks Corriere .it

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