7 regasification terminals and five gas pipelines from the South to become the hub of the Mediterranean

7 regasification terminals and five gas pipelines from the South to become the hub of the Mediterranean
7 regasification terminals and five gas pipelines from the South to become the hub of the Mediterranean
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Five years to makeItaly L’hubs European of Mediterranean with seven regasification terminals And five gas pipelines from the South, between Africa, Israel and Azerbaijan, three operational and two in the pipeline, and to pass through our country something like 50 billion cubic meters of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and up to 90 billion of gas, at full capacity. In all about 140 billion cubic meters, according to the estimates circulating on the government table, which do not take into account at least 7 billion of national production. According to the plan to the attention of Giorgia Meloni, fresh from a mission in Algeria, there would be enough to satisfy household consumption, 72 billion cubic metres, which will however be reduced thanks to renewables, and to sell the excess abroad. Also in Germany. Without having to count on the 7 billion from Norway and to be able to archive the 29 billion from Russia. Someone says that the premier could succeed in the enterprise even earlier, if he imprints the turbo put by Germany. In the last thirty days alone, Berlin has inaugurated three floating regasification terminals in a project involving 6 ships of 30 billion cubic metres.

Claudio Descalzi: «Stop Russian gas from 2024. We are the only ones connected to North Africa, we can supply Europe»

IN FORCED STAGES

The treasure is in the Mediterranean. But to capture it, infrastructure is needed, the network to bring it into European homes, through which hydrogen will also pass in the future. And, therefore, it will be necessary to play all the cards quickly, tightening on authorizations and bureaucracy to play the European match as protagonists. Precise guidelines that will also be contained in the new Pniec in progress and in the adaptation of the Pnrr to RepowerEu.
To arrive at that “redundancy of infrastructure which keeps prices lower”, invoked for months by the CEO of ENI, Claudio Descalzi, the construction site for the regasification terminals in the South must be restarted immediately, with an agreement on the territory. the one in Porto Empedocle, by Enel, capable of transporting 8 billion cubic metres, and the one in Gioia Tauro by Sorgenia and Iren between 8 and 12 billion cubic metres, both authorized and blocked for decades. Environment Minister Picetto Fratin said it clearly when he illustrated the ministry’s programmatic lines at the end of the year. Together with the doubling of the Tap, capable of bringing gas from Azerbaijan up to 20 billion cubic meters, the two sites are at the top of the government’s thoughts. But making agreements in Africa is not enough if gas and LNG get stuck in the bottlenecks on the Adriatic line, in Abruzzo, and don’t reach the North.

PASSAGE TO SARDINIA

Snam’s 2.4 billion investment will have to pay off within two to three years, the same time as the regasification terminals in the South. There is no time for vetoes. In the meantime, the Piombino floating ship will have to be ready in May. Then that of Ravenna, in 2024 (5 thousand cubic meters each). Also in Sicily, in Mazara del Vallo, the largest contribution is expected from Algeria, which in a few years aims to bring the current 22 billion close to the maximum capacity of the Transmed gas pipeline, 36 billion. But Sonatrach’s export potential also comes from LNG and from the pipe that will pass through Sardinia (Galsi), considered the country’s firepower of around 160 billion. So far, the three regasification terminals, Panigaglia, Livorno and Rovigo have received LNG from Qatar, the USA, Egypt, Trinidad and Tobago, Nigeria and Norway up to capacity. New supplies, including those from Qatar and Congo, will have to find other ways. Libyan gas instead comes from the Green Stream, while the potential of the Eastemed-Poseidon, which already connects Israel, Greece and Cyprus, is still on paper. Another urgent business for a European hub.

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The article is in Italian

Tags: regasification terminals gas pipelines South hub Mediterranean

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