Italy, Bulgaria, Portugal, Romania and Slovakia have presented a document, which Ansa has read, proposing to postpone the elimination of combustion engines from 2035 to 2040 and to reduce CO2 emissions by 90% (instead of 100 % as proposed by the European Commission and the European Parliament) in 2035.
The document was circulated in view of the meeting of the EU Environment Council scheduled for Tuesday 28. From what has been learned, Italy has joined the initiative with the specific aim of obtaining changes to the text under examination on commercial vehicles, biofuels and niche productions.
The signatory countries of the document propose several changes to the European Commission’s proposal on CO2 emission standards for newly registered cars and light commercial vehicles. The targets proposed by the European Commission, and supported by the European Parliament, are essentially moved forward by 5 years. Regarding cars, Italy, Bulgaria, Portugal, Romania and Slovakia are calling for a 90% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2035 and 100% by 2040. For light commercial vehicles, a 45% reduction in emissions by 2030 , 80% by 2035 and 100% by 2040. For these cars, the mechanism is also requested to ensure a fair distribution of efforts to reduce emissions among manufacturers. The five countries also support the extension of the duration of the derogation enjoyed by niche manufacturers, such as Ferrari, Lamborghini, etc., beyond 2029 and at least until 2036, and the extension of the incentive mechanism for low-emission vehicles beyond the 2029. That is to say at a date to be established after the revision of the regulation expected in 2028. The countries that presented the non-paper also support the introduction of a methodology to take into account the contribution of renewable fuels for compliance with the reduction targets emissions.
“Today’s is a unilateral initiative that contrasts with the official position expressed in December 2021 by the Cite (Interministerial Committee on Ecological Transition) and, just a few days ago, by the majority Italian parties in the European Parliament. It is time for Draghi to be clear. : is the government he is leading committed to climate issues or not? “. This is the comment by Veronica Aneris, director of Transport & Environment Italia, on the document that Italy and four other countries have presented to the EU in view of the Environment Council scheduled for next Tuesday in Luxembourg.
“It would be a scandal for a government born under the banner of commitments in favor of ecological transition to ally with Bulgaria and Romania on climate issues”, added Aneris.
The issue was also discussed in Rome with the request, expressed by manufacturers and unions in the automotive sector, in a table convened at the Mise, which brought together five ministers and over 40 acronyms. Postpone the stop to thermal engines, set by the EU Parliament for 2035 and which will be examined by the European Environment Council on 28 June, or have at least a percentage lower than 100% of the phase out: this is the request that has come from most of the supply chain . However, the government’s position did not appear to be unambiguous. The different souls pass from the Minister of Development Giancarlo Giorgetti who fears a ‘dangerous curve’ for which to use the brake first, to the Minister of Labor Andrea Orlando who considers it difficult to be able to stop the timetable. And then the minister of ecological transition Roberto Cingolani who seems to have a pragmatic approach. The postponement was defined as “desirable by the president of Anfia, Paolo Scudieri, explaining that it is not a question of” neglecting the environment, but giving the possibility to other technological spaces, such as synthetic fuels, biofuels, hydrogen, to participate to the transition “which must be characterized by” technological plurality and linearity “. A transition, however, has already begun with times that, beyond the decisions taken at European level, are dictated by the major players in production, as underlined by the Minister of I work Orlando, adding that “we can ask for more resources to keep the timetable, but it seems very difficult to overturn it.” It is the job owner who expresses the government’s greenest position. Enrico Giovannini, transport owner, presses always in order not to postpone the transition, but this time he did not express his position, also because recalled by international commitments he only stayed at the table for a short time. meri, however, seem to mark a change of scenery. In fact, in the last three years, registrations of cars powered by petrol and diesel have more than halved in Italy, while those of electric cars have increased. The picture is outlined by Unrae, the Association of foreign car manufacturers, which explains how registrations of petrol cars stopped at 436 thousand, diesel ones at 323 thousand, still representing 90% of the fleet in circulation, with over 34.5 million units. Electric cars “with the plug”, on the other hand, rose to almost 137 thousand in 2021, reaching 9.4% of the total. However, a percentage still very far from 26% in Germany, 18.6% in the United Kingdom and 18.3% in France. “At a European level, the front of the countries that are asking for a more gradual transition to the green is expanding”, said Minister Giancarlo Giorgetti at the end of the table, observing how “even in Germany the political forces” are “confronting each other on the issue in a pragmatic way, listening to the requests and needs of the industrial sector as well “. Giorgetti reiterated the government’s support for research in the name of technological neutrality, “objectives that Mise intends to achieve also with development contracts and innovation agreements, without neglecting the opportunities offered by the NRP”. In view of the EU Council, “the commitment made”, explained the Deputy Minister for Economic Development, Gilberto Pichetto, “is to favor both in that forum and in the subsequent institutional phases, balanced choices compatible with the interests of the second European manufacturing country, inspiring us to the principles of technological neutrality and industrial sustainability “. Minister Roberto Cingolani spoke of a “very varied landscape”, explaining that “not everyone asked to postpone the transition” but “mixed requests emerged: there are those who are more on electric, some on a certain type of fuel” . On the trade union front, the thrust of Fiom, which spoke of “yet another lost opportunity” without “the opportunity for a real confrontation”, asking to narrow the table and start a specific one. Uilm underlines that Italy has already accumulated too late, proposing incentives for the purchase of electric cars and the creation of a procurement agency. From Fim, on the other hand, the proposal for a technical control room to guide the transition. (HANDLE).